Spain

Legal checks Spain

All the checks you need

If you are the type of person that likes to check and control everything, you will LOVE this page! When you finally found a partner to help you in your venture, there are a few things you can check online yourself. We have listed a few of these legal checks, if you come across other checks you deemed usefull for your move, send them to us!

VAT and Company Registration numbers

The Spanish VAT number, is called the CIF (Certificado de Identificación Fiscal). This tax number consist of a letter (ussually A or B) followed by 8 digits (or 7 digits + letter for foreign companies). To be alligned with the European standards, the CIF number is often preceded by 'ES'. You can check these numbers by using any of the websites below.

Since realty agencies that have a focus on expats are often run by foreigner themselves, you might come across Belgian, Dutch, French or British registration numbers. These can be checked here:

Registration of realtors

Even though Spanish realtors are barely regulated in Spain, you might want to check whether the agency is connected to one or more professional organisations. These registration are not mandatory and may not be a watertight guarantee for quality. However, these organisations at least require their members to pass an exam, to uphold the standards of the organisation and to take (a limited) insurance for their professional liability.

  • Check GIPE (Gestor Intermediario de Promociones y Edificaciones - English/Spanish)
  • Check A.P.I. (Agente de la Propiedad Inmobiliaria - Only Spanish!)
  • Check CEPI (European Federation of Estate Agents - English)

Checking financial data

For Spanish companies:

You van retrieve financial records via the website of Secretaría de Estado de Comercio

For foreign companies: 

French companies: The indebtedness, financial statements and balances can be requested via infogreffe or the website 'societé'. A small fee will be charged for requests made on these websites.

Belgian companies: General data can be requested via both 'trends.be' (paying or use 24h free trial) or data.be (partially free). If you are somewhat familiar with financial reccords, you can always request the 'raw data' financial statements online from the national bank of Belgium.

Dutch companies: Financial statements and balances can be retrieved (after payment) from kvk.nl

Checks land registry

You can request the following documents by going to the website of the land registry (registradores):

  • Nota simple
  • Nota localización
  • Certifications

For more information on this website, check out the video below:

Reviews

It never hurts to just 'google' a company you don't know yet. If the company you want to work with has an office, definitely check out reviews on Google Maps or Facebook. For some professions you may find that yelp or stars of service are a more useful resource in Spain.

Wherever you look for these reviews, bare in mind that people are simply more inclined to leave a review after a bad experience than they are when they had a good one. Don't judge a book by its cover, especially if it consists of only one review.

Trustworthyness of websites

There is no magic bullet solution to check whether a website is legitimate or not, but you can always check the reputation of a website or reveil where a website gets hosted. Off course, a location of the host is only an indication and not sufficient to label a website as not worthy of your trust. But nonetheless, if the hosting company is a shady company in Bulgaria, it might be a flag.

Other things you might take into consideration are the trustpilot sign or the protocol used by the website. Todays standards for new websites are to use https.